The “Six Ws” of Functional Baseline Testing
Functional Baseline Testing (FBT) is a method by which Physical and Occupational Therapists may address functional activities with workers’ compensation patients. This testing and treatment process will enable the therapist to provide an alternative to Work Hardening Therapy, a program increasingly fraught with reimbursement issues requiring expensive equipment and excessive square footage. Here are some fast facts about FBT:
WHAT IS FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING?
A method to incorporate functional activities into a traditional physical rehab program without the space and equipment expense required for Work Hardening facilities:
- Testing and Treatment equipment needs can be met for under $2500.00 (in addition to standard clinic equipment).
- Testing and Treatment can be done in a standard, already equipped PT clinic.
A method to prepare an injured worker for return to work:
- Every job has Material Handling and Non-Material Handling requirements. Functional Baseline Testing emphasizes job-matching and precise goal setting in these key areas of work.
A method to increase Workers’ Compensation revenues by retaining patients formerly lost to providers with Work Hardening program.
WHY DO FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING?
Decreased utilization of traditional Work Hardening.
- Provider perspective – Expensive to provide & litigious patients:
- Equipment, space, time, and staff expense.
- Liability concerns, “I got hurt in Work Hardening defense”.
- Payer perspective – Insurance Companies do not think Work Hardening is a good investment:
- Work Hardening is “expensive baby-sitting”.
- Mixed outcomes results in Work Hardening – “50-80% success” and “Outcomes are unclear” per the research.
“Modified Duty” work + increased pressure for early return to work. The need to furnish the appropriate treatment pathway for workers with behavioral obstacles preventing return to normal activity.
WHEN SHOULD FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING BE DONE IN A REHABILITATION PROGRAM?
When an acute patient enters the strengthening phase of a physical rehabilitation program:
- Patient is medically stable – No medical or surgical contraindications for care
- Patient is ready for “conditioning” – Aerobic & Progressive Resistance exercise
- Patient is ready to begin at least light lifting, pushing, and pulling tasks.
- Patient is ready to begin working on required postures and positions assumed at work safely.
WHO CAN PERFORM FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING?
OT’s/PT’s should check with State Division of Professional Registration as well as their State PT or OT Association. In general:
- Evaluations – Licensed Physical or Occupational Therapist.
- Treatment Planning – as above.
- Treatment – Licensed PTA, COTA, or well-trained therapy aide with direct supervision.
WHERE CAN FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING BE DONE?
Traditional therapy clinic with the proper equipment:
- Conditioning – Cardio & Progressive Resistance Equipment
- Functional activity:
- Lifting (lift boxes, weights, lifting shelves)
- Pushing/pulling (force gauge)
- Climbing (sturdy ladder & stairs)
- Positional tolerances (adequate space to allow for skills circuits – bending, squatting, crawling, kneeling tasks)
- Treatment should coordinate w/ Modified Duty Work:
- Restricted work per the treating physician
- Patient can work in modified duty work and attend Functional Baseline Treatment on the same day.
HOW IS FUNCTIONAL BASELINE TESTING DONE?
- Appropriate patient is determined ready for Functional Baseline Testing Program. Employer is contacted for Job Description.
- Initial Functional Baseline Test is done with appropriate patient:
- FBT assesses material handling and non-material handling
- FBT assesses effort and presence of non-organic signs.
- Based on the functional deficit areas, a treatment plan is written and reviewed with the patient.
- Goals coordinate with job description – functional goal setting.
- Patient begins a goal-oriented conditioning and activity program.
- Includes conditioning, material handling, non-material handling.
- Every week goals attainment is reviewed and new goals are set for the following week. Patient signs off on treatment plan.
- Every 2 weeks a new Functional Baseline Test is performed.
- When plateau reached, 1 of the following discharge pathways occur:
- Goals met for return to full-duty work – Patient returns to work.
- Goals not met for return to full-duty work – Patient undergoes a traditional Functional Capacity Evaluation to determine:
- If restrictions are needed and what they are.
- If non-organic pain behaviors are the obstacle to progress.
- Workers’ Compensation Case is closed.
For more information on ourFunctional Baseline Testing Online Course, click here